“And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.”
Francis Berger just wrote some interesting reflections on Nietzsche’s oft-quoted line, “and if thou gaze long into the abyss, the abyss will also gaze into thee.”* This is an apothegm from Beyond Good and Evil and like many apothegms intimates more than it explains. What, we may ask, is this inquisitive abyss? And into or on what else ought we to direct our gaze?
The abyss is an important concept in Nietzsche and should be no less important for us, since the abyss is nothing other than “the sea” that St. John tells us will be absent from God’s new heaven and new earth. What is this abyss? It is the appalling chaos of disorder and unmeaning that sooner or later…
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