Japanese Invasion of China and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Never occured to me, thank you for this backstory on this history!

Dawn Pisturino's Blog

(Photo from the National WWII Museum)

The Japanese Invasion of China, 1937-1945

After the First Sino-Japanese War, when Japan gained control of Korea, Japan continued to grow militarily and technologically, eventually embarking on the invasion of China on July 7, 1937 (U.S. Department of State, 1943, pg. 1). The invasion resulted from a skirmish between Chinese and Japanese soldiers outside Peking (Beijing), North China. Japan never formally declared war against China, and the invasion forced opposing forces within that country—the Chinese Nationalists and the Communists—to band together against the Japanese (U.S. Department of State, 2021, pg. 1).

“In 1935, Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact with Hitler’s Germany, laying the foundation for the creation of the Axis (Fascist Italy would join the following year)” (Mankoff, 2015, pg. 1). With the backing of Germany and Italy, Japan sought to conquer China. Japanese forces had already seized Manchuria in 1931 and Jehol province…

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